Lung Cancer Definition
Lung cancer; It is a disease in which abnormal cells in the lung tissues multiply uncontrollably. It is the most common cause of cancer-related death in both men and women worldwide, and is responsible for roughly 20% of all cancer deaths.
Lung cancers are mainly divided into two groups: small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Small cell lung cancer (SCLC): It constitutes 10-15% of lung cancers. It is the fastest growing and fastest spreading (metastasis) type. It is closely related to smoking.
What are the Risk Factors? Our lungs are an organ that opens to the outside and uses the outside air. Therefore, any substance in the air we breathe can affect our health. The most important risk factor is smoking. What are the symptoms? It takes several years for the signs and complaints caused by lung cancer to develop and may not be noticed until the disease reaches an advanced stage.
• Continuous intense cough
• Chest, shoulder and back pain
• Change in sputum amount and color
• Bloody sputum and blood spitting
• Shortness of breath
• Swallowing disorder
• Neck and facial swelling • Eyelid drooping
In the early stages of NSCLC treatment (stages 1 and 2, and some stages 3), the recommended treatment is surgery (surgery). The surgery can be done by removing only part of the lung lobe, a whole lobe, or an entire lung.