Metabolic Surgery (Type II Diabetes Surgery) Costs 2022
Metabolic surgery, also known as diabetes or sugar surgery among the people, includes surgeries that enable both diabetes and obesity to be controlled at the same time. Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, is divided into Type I and Type II. Type II diabetes, in which insulin is produced in the body, but this insulin is ineffective, is usually associated with obesity. Insulin resistance is seen in Type II diabetes, which is seen in an average of 90% of people with diabetes worldwide. In healthy people, the person feels hunger and eats with a hormone secreted from the stomach. When the stomach wall is stretched with the food he eats, as a result of the stimulus to the brain, the stomach stops secreting hormones and the person begins to feel full. At this time, food begins to pass into the intestines and be digested and absorbed. In healthy people, undigested foods can easily reach the last parts of the small intestine. Undigested foods cause the glp-1 hormone to be secreted from here. This hormone provides more active insulin release from the pancreas and blood sugar is controlled. However, obese people have a larger stomach and more hunger hormone secretion. These people increase their portions or have to eat more often to feel full. In addition, the size of the intestine and the number of villi that provide food absorption increase even more in obese people. Thus, undigested food cannot reach the last part of the small intestine and the glp-1 hormone cannot be activated. As a result, blood sugar begins to rise because the insulin in the pancreas cannot be actively released. With the effect of insulin resistance, the blood sugar rises excessively in patients. As a result, diabetes begins.
Medicines, diet and appropriate exercises are generally used in the treatment of type II diabetes. However, in some cases, these treatments are not sufficient and the disease progresses and brings different diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, stroke, kidney and foot disorders and vision loss. In some patients, the desired results cannot be achieved despite intensive use of insulin. In type II diabetes, medications and other treatments are used to control the disease, not to cure it completely. However, today, more precise results can be obtained in the treatment of type 2 diabetes by applying metabolic surgery procedures in suitable patients. Thanks to metabolic surgery, insulin produced in the body but not showing any effect is used. At the same time, with the improvement of other diseases caused by diabetes, the life expectancy of patients is prolonged and their quality of life increases.